Haematology comprises analysis of cellular components in the blood or blood-producing tissues and coagulation factors. Blood or tissue samples may be obtained for analysis.


Histopathology is the diagnosis of disease through analysis of body tissues, such as, biopsies, or organs obtained through surgical removal. Malignancies, infection, and inflammation may be identified in the tissues examined.

Molecular diagnosis

Molecular diagnosis is by analysis and identification of genetic sequences which may be associated with specific diseases or malignancies. Identification may be of organisms causing disease, such as HIV and COVID; or an individual's genetic sequences related to a disease or response to treatment, as in the case of cancer. Samples may be fluid or tissue.


Serology entails detection and measurement of antibodies the body produces against a current and/or previous infection. Examples are hepatitis, HIV and Covid-19. Other antibodies commonly tested for are those related to autoimmune diseases.

Human genetics

The study of human genetics provides inheritance patterns whereby conditions can be passed down from parents to children.


Microbiology involves analysing microscopic organisms not visible to the naked eye. Microbiology research is crucial in terms of ensuring the optimal health of all people.

Chemical pathology

Chemical Pathology is the biochemical analysis of body fluids (mainly blood and urine) by measuring concentrations of electrolytes, metabolic products, hormones, proteins, toxins, and drugs to screen, diagnose, and monitor disease.


Cytopathology diagnoses are made through analysis of cellular components of tissues or fluids (other than blood). The most widely known example is a papsmear.

Infectious diseases

This comprises microbiology and virology, which diagnose the source of infections (pathogens), such as bacteria, fungi, as well as viruses. Body fluids, excretions and tissues may be examined.


Pathology-related research focuses on the cause of disease by stripping down organisms to a subcellular level.

Occupational health & corporate

SA Path’s healthcare team aims to administer pathology testing according to occupational health industry standards.

COVID testing

COVID-19 testing is done to identifying infected individuals, allowing patients to isolate and receive correct treatment, reducing chances of the virus spreading.

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The right results for the right patient at the right time.



SA Path has compiled a list of frequently asked questions to keep you up-to-date with our services and the latest regarding our pathology practice.